Ovarian cysts are common mostly with women still getting their period. They are solid or fluid-filled sacs in or on their ovaries. They mostly are painless and would not harm. Women might get one every month as a part of their cycle and be oblivious of it. They usually tackle the same without treatment.
Cysts are also common when women become pregnant .A cyst becomes a problem when it does not go away or gets bigger. It can become painful. There also is a possibility of cancer, but very rare. The chances increase as they grow older. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled pocket that develops on a woman’s ovary. They are very common and do not usually reflect any symptoms. Most ovarian cysts occur naturally and disappear in a few months without need of a treatment. But if needed, they can be diagnosed with a Laproscopic surgery.
During a laparoscopic treatment for ovarian cysts, the doctor will make small incisions and pass a thin scope (laparoscope) through the abdomen. The laparoscope will let the doctor see through and identify for the cyst,remove the same and then proceed for biopsy. Ovarian torsion is another rare, though complex kind of an ovarian cyst treatment surgery. This occurs when a large cyst causes an ovary to twist or move from its original position. The blood supply to the ovary stops suddenly. If not treated, it can cause a damage or death to the ovarian tissue. Though rare in complexity, ovarian torsion cover about 3 percent of the emergency gynecology related operations. Ruptured ovarian cysts too are very hard to find. A Ruptured ovarian cyst causes immense pain and internal bleeding. This complication increases the risk of an infection and can be life-threatening if not treated on priority.
Women suffering through an ovarian torsion need to get it treated immediately, so that, going forward, it does not produce much complication.
The doctor will perform a pelvic examination after having assessing woman’s body symptoms and reviewing her medical history.
He will find out if there is any pain
After having assessed her symptoms and reviewing her previous medical records, the doctor will perform a pelvic exam to find out any areas of pain and soreness. He also will perform a transvaginal ultrasound to view her ovary, fallopian tube, and blood flow.
He then will use the blood and urine tests to rule out other potential diagnoses, namely:
- urinary tract infection
- ovarian abscess
- ectopic pregnancy
Though the doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis of ovarian torsion, based on his findings on the above, a definitive and accurate diagnosis is ideally made during the remedial surgery.
Depending on the the size of the cyst, there are two ways for the same to be treated.
Laparoscopy:For the cyst in a smaller size, resulting from an imaging test that asks the cancer to be ruled out, the doctor then can perform a laparoscopy to surgically remove the cyst. The procedure involves the doctor making a tiny incision near the woman’s navel and then inserting a small instrument into her abdomen in order to remove the cyst.
Laparotomy:For the cyst to be large enough, the doctor should surgically remove the cyst through a large incision in the woman’s abdomen. He will conduct an immediate biopsy and determine whether the cyst is cancerous or not,based on which he may need to perform a hysterectomy to remove her ovaries and uterus.