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For the majority of a woman’s reproductive life,a healthy reproductive system for a woman is led by and largely contributed through her menstrual cycle. The regularity of her menstrual cycle is closely related to her well-being, while an irregular menstruation can often be a sign of abnormal activities and health conditions in the body. In certain cases, Uterine Fibroids are the cause of these abnormalities.

The three types of fibroids namely; intramural, subserosal, and submucosal produce different symptoms based on the size and position of the fibroids. Intramural and submucosal fibroids are usually caused due to the heavy or abnormal bleeding during a menstrual cycle.

While the main reason for these symptoms taking place are unknown, abnormal bleeding is believed to be caused due to the fibroids changing the muscular contraction of the uterus which can obstruct it from controlling the amount of bleeding during a cycle. Fibroids have also been known to compress veins in the uterine wall, thus widening the uterine lining. As the pressure increases in the veins, the lining of the uterus expands, and may result in abnormal bleeding. Heavy menstrual bleeding is usually caused by either intramural fibroids found deep within the walls of the uterus, or submucosal fibroids, found just under the inner lining of the uterus.

Inconsistent and heavy bleeding leads to clot formation, prolongs periods, leads to weakness, painful cramps in the abdomen and back, and in some cases make women anaemic. Women who have experienced heavy or difficult periods may often not consider fibroids an applicable reason for the irregularity in their cycle. If they undergo any such abnormal symptoms or suffer from excessive flow at night, consistent bleeding through super tampons or maxi pads, then consultation with the doctor is considerable to see if fibroids may be the cause.

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