To reduce symptoms related to the uterine fibroids, certain hormonal therapies are suggested by the doctor. These types of medications aim the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, which treat heavy bleeding, pelvic pain, and disorders such as endometriosis; the abnormal tissue growth outside the uterine lining. Even though hormone therapy in some cases can temporarily shrink fibroids by lessening estrogen levels, they cannot eliminate them completely. Below mentioned are few of the most common hormone medications prescribed for fibroid and fibroid symptoms:
Danazol is a synthetic compound and/or androgen like testosterone. It is used mainly to treat endometriosis, fibrocystic breast disease, stop menstruation, correct anaemia and even shrink fibroid tumors by reducing the number of hormones produced by the ovaries. But this medicine also has side effects such as increased weight ,feelings of depression or uneasiness, headache, unwanted hair growth and a deep voice.
Oral contraceptives are another solution that many women turn towards for hormone therapy. These medications are primarily used to control painful menstruation and heavy bleeding. However, they cannot reduce fibroid size and in some women, they unfortunately may even cause the tumors to grow larger.
Lupron effectively over stimulates the body’s production of certain hormones and temporarily shuts down production. For women, this stops estrogen levels from rising and makes the body temporarily “menopausal”. Fortunately, in some cases, this treatment can shrink fibroids and decrease symptoms associated with it, but only while the medication is in use.
Gn-RH agonists reduces estrogen and progesterone levels, resulting in a temporary menopausal state. This stops menstruation, improves anaemia and shrinks fibroids. However, the treatment can cause menopausal side effects such as sudden fever during menopause, sweating at night, vaginal dryness, and possibly bone loss. That is why it is only recommended for short-time use, preferably prior to the fibroid surgery. Though the hormonal therapy has benefits for women having fibroids, all are either temporarily based due to their side effects or have no direct cure for the tumors. None of these approaches are a prevention to fibroids, but may bring some necessary relief prior to having surgery or embolization.